Water well drilling rigs come is various sizes shapes colors and price. Different size rigs are manufactured for different hole size and depth. Many of the water well drillers are also drilling geothermal heating and cooling wells.
A geothermal gradient is the rate at which the Earth’s temperature increases with depth, indicating outward heat flows from a hot interior. Away from tectonic plate boundaries, it is 25-30°C per km of depth in most of the world. Strictly speaking, geo-thermal necessarily refers to the Earth but the concept may be applied to other planets. The Earth’s internal heat comes from a combination of residual heat from planetary accretion (about 20%) and heat produced through radioactive decay (80%). The major heat-producing isotopes in the Earth are potassium-40, uranium-238, uranium-235, and thorium-232. At the center of the planet, the temperature may be up to 7,000 K and the pressure could reach 360 GPa. Because much of the heat is provided by radioactive decay, scientists believe that early in Earth history, before isotopes with short half-lives had been depleted, Earth’s heat production would have been much higher. This extra heat production, which was twice that of present-day at approximately 3 billion years ago, would have increased temperature gradients within the Earth, increasing the rates of mantle convection and plate tectonics, and allowing the production of igneous rocks such as komatites that are not formed today.
The terrain that the water well drilling rigs set up on is often uneven most of the drilling rigs are set up with leveling jacks on the back of the truck. A tandem axel truck is sometimes added as an extra when the customer is designing his water well drilling rig. The larger drill trucks are usually powered by a diesel engine, the compressor mounted on the back is also powered by a diesel engine. The options that the customer can get on this rig depends on what type of drilling they are going to be doing. A water injection pump is typically standard equipment.
The drilling hammer that is attached to the drill steel is made by a different company other than the company that has manufactured the drill. A hammer drill, also known as a “rotary hammer”, “roto-hammer” or “impact drill”,is a rotary drill with a hammering action. The hammering action provides a short, rapid hammer thrust to pulverize relatively brittle material and provide quicker drilling with less effort. Lower power units are usually titled as “hammer drills.” Higher power units, usually labeled “rotary hammers,” tend to be larger and provide bigger impact forces. Modern units allow the hammer and rotation functions to be used separately or in combination, i.e., hammer mode, drill mode, or both. When used in the hammer mode, the tool provides a drilling function similar to a jackhammer.
If you are a home owner and are planning to have a water well or a geothermal heating and cooling system installed you should get two or three estimates to check out the current drilling price. Many drilling companies often charge different prices for the same service. Make sure to get a written quote and references from past customers before you decide on a water well drilling contractor.
If you are interested in learning more information about water well drilling rigs you have several sources to find this information out. You can go to your local library, youtube also has many videos of water well drilling rigs in action. Manufactures also have video of drills for training, and marketing needs.